Key Differences Between Indian Navy & Indian Coast Guard

Hello Defence Lovers, When people consider joining the military, many times they get confused about the differences between branches, especially when those branches have missions that, at a glance, seem similar. In the case of the Navy and the Coast Guard, they both have boats and airplanes and operate around the water. So how are they different? In this article we’ll discuss the key differences between Indian Navy & Indian Coast Guard.

Also Read, Key Differences Between Merchant Navy & Indian Navy




Indian Navy
  • The Indian Navy is a well-balanced and cohesive three-dimensional force, capable of operating above, on and under the surface of the oceans, efficiently safeguarding our national interests.
  • The Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS) exercises operational and administrative control of the Indian Navy from the Integrated Headquarters of Ministry of Defence (Navy). He is assisted by the Vice Chief of the Naval Staff (VCNS) and three other Principal Staff Officers, namely the Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (DCNS), the Chief of Personnel (COP) and the Chief of Material (COM).
  • The Navy has the following three Commands, each under the control of a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief:-

(1.) The Western Naval Command (Headquarters at Mumbai).

(2.) The Eastern Naval Command (Headquarters at Visakhapatnam)

(3.) The Southern Naval Command (Headquarters at Kochi)

Also Read, Indian Navy Grade Pay & Salary Chart After 7th Pay Commision




  • They secure the nation’s maritime borders from pirates or ships of enemies.
  • Indian Navy main motto is to act against military threats.
  • Enhances its international relations through humanitarian missions, joint exercises, port visits and disaster relief.
  • Their duty is to protect India’s diplomatic interests and maritime which involves protecting the welfare of our citizens in foreign lands and sending diplomatic missions to other countries.
  • Indian navy is equipped with slower, bigger ships.
  • Indian Navy secures sea areas.
Also Watch, Ranks In Indian Navy | Indian Navy Ranks, Insignia And Hierarchy Explained (Hindi)

Indian Coast Guard
  • The Indian Coast Guard is a multi-mission organization, conducting round-the-year real-life operations at sea. Despite being relatively small, it has a wide range of task capabilities for both surface and air operations.
  • The organization is headed by the Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG) exercising his overall command and superintendence from the Coast Guard Headquarters (CGHQ) located at New Delhi. At CGHQ, he is assisted by four Deputy Director Generals of the rank of Inspector General, and other senior officers heading various staff divisions.
  • For effective command and control, the Maritime Zones of India are divided into five Coast Guard Regions, namely, North-West, West, East, North-East and Andaman & Nicobar, with the respective Regional Headquarters located at Gandhinagar, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Port Blair. The Coast Guard Regions are commanded by Officers of the rank of Inspector General.
Also Read, Indian Coast Guard The Fourth Armed Force Of India




  • Secure and protection of India’s maritime interests & enforcement of maritime law with jurisdiction over both territorial and international waters.
  • Indian Coast Guard is more like of BSF (Border Security Force) where they enforces law, controls organization and serve border defence.
  • Indian Coast Guard Preserves maritime scenario/environment also includes control of maritime pollution.
  • Providing safety and protection of offshore terminals, artificial Islands, installations and other structures and devices in any maritime zone.
  • Indian Coast Guard is equipped with fast and small ships.
  • Indian Coast Guard secures coastal areas.
Jai Hind

Amazing Facts You Should Know About The Indian Navy


Close