February 2019- Major Indian Defence Events For Defence Exam Preparation
Hello Defence Lovers, If you are preparing for any defence exam than this article will helps you in your exam preparation. In this article we covered all major events which occurred in the month of February 2019.
- Defence Ministry approves acquisition of Milan-2T Anti-Tank Missiles: The Defence Acquisition Council headed by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has approved the acquisition of the Rs 1,200 crore Milan-2T anti-tank missiles. While the requirement was of 70,000 different types of anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) and 850 different launchers, the DAC has approved the purchase of 5,000 Milan 2T anti-tank guided missiles from France.
- Defence Budget 2019: The Interim Budget 2019 has increased the allocations to the Defence Ministry by 6.87 per cent to Rs 3.18 lakh crore against last year’s allocation of Rs 2.98 lakh crore. The defence budget 2019 is around 1.44 per cent of the GDP.
- US approves sale of two missile defence systems for Air India One: The US President has approved the sale of two missile defence systems for Air India One. The two missile defence systems Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures (LAIRCAM) and Self-Protection Suites (SPS) will enhance the security of planes flying the prime minister and the president.
- PM Lays Foundation Stone for Sela Tunnel in Arunachal Pradesh: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the Sela Tunnel Project in Arunachal Pradesh on 9th feb 2019.The Project costing Rs. 687 crore being constructed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) would be completed in the next three years. It covers a total distance of 12.04 kms which consist of two tunnels of 1790 and 475 meters. Once completed this would result in:-
- Reduction in more than one hour of travelling time from Tezpur to Tawang.
- Travellers would be able to avoid the dangerous snow covered Sela top at a height of 13,700 feet.
- All weather connectivity to Tawang and forward areas.
5. India successfully tests Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet Propelled Missile: India has successfully undertaken the demonstration of the ingenuously developed propulsion technology on 10th Feb 2019. The successful demonstration of indigenous technology is a step forward in the development of long-range air-to-air missiles. The first test of this indigenous technology was carried out in May 2018.
6. Chinook Helicopters to be formally inducted into Indian Air Force: On 10th Feb 2019 the first batch of four Chinook military helicopters manufactured by the American aerospace major Boeing has arrived at the Mundra port in Gujarat. This first batch consignment will be ferried to Chandigarh, where they will be formally inducted into the Indian Air Force in 2019.
7. Defence Innovation Hubs: The Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) framework under the Defence Ministry is envisaging setting up of independent Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs) where innovators can get information about needs and feedback from the Armed Services directly and create solutions for India’s major defence platforms. Defence Innovation Hubs are aimed at attracting more innovators to work for the defence sector in India.
8. Multinational Cobra Gold Military Exercise: The United States and Thailand are hosting the multi-nation Cobra military exercise this year. The exercise is taking place in the northern Thai province of Phitsanulok. 10000 personnel, 29 nations are taking part as participants or observers. It is one of the Asia-Pacific region’s largest multinational military exercises that is held in Thailand every year. India joined this exercise for the first time in 2016 while China was admitted for the first time in 2015 but was only allowed to participate in humanitarian assistance training. This year it is the 38th edition of this exercise and it will see active participation from Singapore, Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and South Korea, Thailand, and the United States. India is participating in this exercise with a 14 member contingent.
9.Indian Army holds annual ‘Exercise Topchi’: Indian Army on 12th February 2019 showcased its artillery firepower by using ultra light Howitzers and indigenous Swathi weapon-locating radar at the annual “Exercise Topchi”. The exercise was held at Deolali Camp near Nashik. The aviation and surveillance capabilities were also showcased.
10. Pulwama Attack: On 14 February 2019, a convoy of vehicles carrying security personnel on the Jammu Srinagar National Highway was attacked by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber at Lethpora (near Awantipora) in the Pulwama district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The attack resulted in the deaths of 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel and the attacker. The responsibility for the attack was claimed by the Pakistan-based Islamist militant group Jaish-e-Mohammed. The attacker was Adil Ahmad Dar, a local from Indian-administered Kashmir, and a member of Jaish-e-Mohammed.
11. EXERCISE VAYU SHAKTI-2019: A mega exercise, EXERCISE VAYU SHAKTI-2019 involving 140 fighter jets and attack helicopters, in a firepower demonstration was held close to the border with Pakistan at Pokhran in Rajasthan on 16 feb2019 .It was for the first time, the Advanced Light Helicopter and the Akash were deployed in a military exercise. A total of 137 aircraft including Sukhoi-30s, Mirage 2000s, Jaguars, Mig-21 Bison, Mig-27, Mig-29, IL78, Hercules and AN-32 aircraft participated in this mega exercise.
12. OFB gets nod for Producing Long Range Artillery Gun Dhanush: The Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) has received clearance from the Indian Army and the Ministry of Defence for production of 114 ‘Dhanush’ long-range artillery guns on 19 feb 2019. Dhanush Long Range Artillery Guns are the first ever indigenous 155 mm x 45 calibre long-range artillery gun. Dhanush howitzer is an improved version of Bofors guns acquired by India between 1987 and 1991.
13. LCA Tejas gets Final Operational Clearance: On 20th feb 2019 the first day of Aero India 2019, Indian Air Force (IAF) has received the Final Operational Clearance (FOC) standard certification for Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas from Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The DRDO’s FOC certification testifies the combat-readiness of Tejas.
14. Aero India 2019 inagurated at Bengaluru: The Aero India 2019 was inaugurated by Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman at the Yelahanka Air Force Station in Bengaluru. The Aero India 2019 was held for 5 days from February 20 to 24.
15.Lockheed Martin unveils new F-21 Fighter Jet: US defence giant Lockheed Martin unveiled the F-21 multi-role fighter jet at Asia’s biggest air show Aero India-2019. Lockheed Martin will manufacture the plane in collaboration with Tata Advanced Systems under India’s flagship programme Make in India.
16. Government announces Free Air Travel for Paramilitary Forces to Kashmir: The government has issued an order approving the entitlement of air travel on Delhi-Srinagar, Srinagar-Delhi, Jammu-Srinagar and Srinagar-Jammu sectors to all the personnel of the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) which includes their journey for joining duty, transfer, tour or going on leave. The facility till now was available officers in the rank of Inspectors and above has been now extended to the ranks of constable, a head constable and assistant sub-inspector. This decision will benefit approximately 7.8 lakh paramilitary personnel.
17. HAL places order with Thales for 2.75-inch Rocket Launchers: On 21st Feb 2019 Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has awarded French aerospace and defence company Thales a contract to supply 135 Units of 2.75-inch (70-mm) rocket launchers. These certified, field-proven, competitive rocket launchers are suitable for use on both light and combat helicopters. The order is aimed to boost the tactical capabilities of the Indian armed forces.
18. Prime Minister Inaugurates National War Memorial: On 25th Feb 2019 Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the National War Memorial adjoining the India Gate in New Delhi. The memorial honours the fallen soldiers after Independence. The National War Memorial will have a new ‘eternal flame’, the existing eternal flame at the Amar Jawan Jyoti built in 1972 in honour of soldiers who lost their lives in the 1971 India-Pakistan war will continue as it is. The National War Memorial pays tribute to soldiers who laid down their lives defending the nation during the India-China war in 1962, Indo-Pak wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, Indian Peace Keeping Force Operations in Srilanka and in the Kargil conflict of 1999.
19. Indian Air Force Strikes against Jaish-e-Mohammed camps in Pakistan: The Indian Air Force (IAF) has struck against Jaish-e-Mohammed camp in Balakot of Pakistan occupied Kashmir in the pre-dawn hours of 26th February 2019. The Mirage-2000 fighter jets were used to drop explosives on these training camps. A dozen Mirage-2000 fighter jets used to carry out the attack were escorted by four Sukhoi Su-30 aircraft. Phalcon Airborne Warning and Control System of Israel and the indigenous Netra Airborne Early Warning and Control System Aircraft (AEW&C) aircraft were deployed to monitor the mission.
20. India successfully test-fires two Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles: On 26th Feb 2019 India has successfully test-fired two indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM) from a test range off the Odisha coast. QRSAM was test fired from a rotatable truck-based launch unit at Chandipur in Odisha’s Balasore district. This was the third test firing of QRSAM. The first test firing was done on June 4, 2017, and the second on July 14, 2018.
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