Amazing Facts You Should Know About The Indian Navy

Hello Defence Lovers, The white is a color of peace but for Indian navy white is a color of power and dominance, the white uniform is respect. The naval uniform stands out in the crowd, the men and women take a lot of pride wearing the whites. The stripes are in gold which glitters along with the whites of the navy. This uniform is more than what meets to the eyes of a common man. The Indian Navy is a well-balanced and cohesive three-dimensional force, capable of operating above, on and under the surface of the oceans, efficiently safeguarding our national interests. The Indian Navy could easily be the coolest and classiest of armed forces in the world.  In this article we have provided some amazing facts about the Indian Navy which will increase your respect for the Indian Navy ten-fold.




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  • The President of India serves as Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy.
  • The Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS) exercises operational and administrative control of the Indian Navy from the Integrated Headquarters of Ministry of Defence (Navy). He is assisted by the Vice Chief of the Naval Staff (VCNS) and three other Principal Staff Officers, namely the Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (DCNS), the Chief of Personnel (COP) and the Chief of Material (COM).
  • Originally called the Royal Indian Navy, our supreme naval branch of the armed forces of India was founded in 1612 by the East India Company and renamed the Indian Navy on 26th January, 1950 after independence.

  • The Royal Indian Navy mutiny was a rebellion by 20,000 Indian sailors in 1946 against the British policies of discrimination and trial of ex-INA soldiers. But it did not receive support from either INC or Muslim League, and, therefore, failed.
  • The Indian Navy is among the top ten naval forces of the world. In fact it is the 5th largest navy in the world.
  • As of 2015, the Indian Navy has a strength of 58,350 personnel and a large operational fleet consisting of two aircraft carriers , one amphibious transport dock , 9 Landing ship tanks , 10 destroyers , 15 frigates , one nuclear-powered attack submarine , 14 conventionally-powered attack submarines , 25 corvettes , 7 mine countermeasure vessels , 47 patrol vessels , 4 fleet tankers and various other auxiliary vessels .
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale is considered as the Father of Indian Navy because he built a strong naval presence across the coast of Konkan and Goa to protect sea trade.
  • India’s naval forces played a key role in World War II. A small fleet to begin with, the onset of the war led to an expansion in vessels and personnel described by one writer as “phenomenal”. The large number of Indian merchant seamen and merchant ships were instrumental in keeping the large stream of raw material and supplies from India to the United Kingdom open.

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  • The missile BrahMos , is the fastest cruise missile in the world with a speed of Mach (ratio between the speed of the object and the speed of sound) 2.8 – 3.0. It makes India the only country with supersonic cruise missiles in their army, navy, and air force.
  • Vice Admiral Ram Dass Katari was the first Indian to assume office as the Chief of Staff of the Indian Navy on April 22, 1958.
  • The first action of the Indian Navy was against the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in 1961. It was the Operation Vijay of the Navy.
  • Indian Navy was at its best during the the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Under the command of Admiral Sardari Lal Mathradas Nanda, the navy successfully enforced a naval blockade of West and East Pakistan.
  • On December 4, the Indian Navy launched Operation Trident and attacked the Pakistan Naval Headquarters in Karachi sinking a minesweeper, a destroyer and an ammunition supply ship. The attack also destroyed oil storage tanks at the Karachi port. This day is celebrated as Navy Day. It was followed by Operation Python on December 8, 1971.
  • The Indian Navy also conducted three international operations. One to protect Seychelles from an armed coup and two to defend Maldives from coups both at the request of elected governments of the two countries.
  • The Indian Navy launched Operation Talwar during the Kargil War as part of the larger Operation Vijay. Marine commandos fought alongside Indian army in the Himalayas. This was, however, kept classified for sometime.
  • The Ezhimala Naval Academy in Kerala is the largest naval academy in Asia.




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  • Most Indian Navy ships and submarines are now manufactured indigenously.
  • The INS Arihant is a 6,000 tonne vessel and the lead ship in India’s nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines.
  • INS Arihant is the first ballistic missile submarine to have been built by a country other than one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council .
  • The first aircraft carrier of the Indian Navy was INS Vikrant.
  • The Indian Navy currently has two aircraft carriers: INS Viraat and INS Vikramaditya. It is the only navy in the world after US to have more than one aircraft carrier.
  • It was Lt. Cdr. M.S. Kohli of the Indian Navy who led the country’s first successful expedition to Mount Everest in 1965 by any military officer.
  • The Navy has its own satellite, the ISRO-built GSAT-7, which has enhanced its maritime capabilities manifold.
  • It helps Indian Navy to acquire the blue water capabilities, which means an oceangoing fleet is able to operate on the high seas far from its nation’s homeports.
  • Indian Navy expects to be a force of 150 ships and 500 aircrafts by 2027.
  • India will have its first supercarrier in INS Vishal by 2025.
  • A naval air station is in the pipeline for INS Kadamba, one of the largest Indian Naval bases located in Karwar.
  • The Indian Navy will continue to be the most powerful naval force in the entire Indian Ocean region, Bay of Bengal, and Arabian Sea due to its modernization drive.
  • The Navy is upgrading its fleet with stealth ships such as Kamorta-class cruisers and Visakhapatnam-class destroyer.
  • Under Project 17-A, the Indian Navy will be building seven Shivalik-class stealth frigates armed to the teeth. It will be the most powerful frigate in all of Indian Ocean region.
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  • Barak 8 missile, a surface-to-air missile being developed by India and Israel, will be used from Indian Navy ships.
  • The Sagar Prahari Bal (SPB) formed in March 2009 after the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, is the unit of the Indian Navy responsible for patrolling India’s coastal waters.
  • The Indian Navy has an air arm, which operates MiG 29Ks and Sea Harrier jets from the two aircraft carriers besides a host of helicopters for both defence and rescue missions.
  • MARCOS is the special commando force raised by the Indian Navy for counter-terrorism, direct action, recon and rescue missions.
  • There are only two naval aerobatic teams in the world and one of them is our country’s navy. It is known as Saagar Pawan.
  • The current flag of Indian Navy incorporates St. George’s Cross design, a part of the Union Jack.




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The Navy has the following three Commands, each under the control of a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief :
  • The Western Naval Command (Headquarters at Mumbai).
  • The Eastern Naval Command (Headquarters at Visakhapatnam)
  • The Southern Naval Command (Headquarters at Kochi)

The Western and the Eastern Naval Commands are ‘Operational Commands’, and exercise control over operations in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal respectively. The Southern Command is the Training Command.

Indian Navy Motto :

  • The motto of the Indian Navy is transliterated into the Latin alphabet as “Shamno Varunah,” which in English means “May Varuna be auspicious.” Varuna, in Vedic scriptures, is referred to as the “Lord of Seas.”
  • In the Vedic verse from which the motto was drawn, Varuna is invoked alongside Mitra, the Sun god, and Aryama, the god of the Manes, for protection.
  • In the Rig Veda, which contains references to widespread commercial maritime activity, Varuna is described as being knowledgeable of sea routes.
Current role :

Currently the principal roles of Indian Navy are :

  • In conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace.
  • Project influence in India’s maritime area of interest, to further the nation’s political, economic and security objectives;
  • In co-operation with the Indian Coast Guard, ensure good order and stability in India’s maritime zones of responsibility.
  • Provide maritime assistance (including disaster relief) in India’s maritime neighbourhood.




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Why Do We Need A Navy ?
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, our first Prime Minister, had rightly said,” To be secure on Land, we must be Supreme at Sea”.This famous quote always remind us that we are primarily a Maritime Nation.
  • A strong navy is an important element of every Maritime Nation.
  • India has a coastline of about 7500 km and an Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ) of over 2 million sq kms. In addition, we are endowed with abundant oceanic wealth comprising a large number of island territories and vast sea bed area, over 97 % of our national trade is carried by sea routes! We must protect our natural wealth and keep our trade routes open in order to progress and per.
  • It is therefore, imperative that India maintains a strong Navy which is always in a high state of preparedness.
  • In times of distress and natural disaster such as floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes etc. The Navy is always called upon for rescue and relief operations. Little wonder then, the Indian Navy is so relevant to us all ! And that also explains why the public hold a great deal of affections for the Navy and its officers and sailors.
  • Of all the diverse elements that go into the making of a strong and effective Navy, no single factor is as important as its men.
  • For the Navy to be world class, it requires top rate officers and men. And you could just be the one the Navy is looking for. Putting it simply, the nation needs the Navy and the Navy needs the best of you.
Ranks & Insignia :
Officer
Sailor
Rank Badge / Insignia Rank Badge
Admiral Admiral Badge Admiral Insignia Master Chief Petty Officer Ist Class Master Chief Petty Officer Ist Class Badge
Vice Admiral Vice Admiral Badge Vice Admiral Insignia

Master Chief Petty Officer IInd Class Master Chief Petty Officer IInd Class Badge
Rear Admiral Rear Admiral Badge Rear Admiral Insignia Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Badge
Commodore Commodore Badge Petty Officer Petty Officer Badge
Captain Leading Rate Badge Leading Rate Captain Insignia
Commander Commander Badge Seaman Ist Class
Lieutenant Commander Lieutenant Commander Badge Seaman 2nd Class
Lieutenant Lieutenant Badge
Sub Lieutenant Sub Lieutenant Badge
Midshipman Midshipman Badge
Indian Navy Officers Perks and Benefits :
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  • Free Medical Facilities For Self And Family
  • Canteen Facilities
  • Free Ration
  • Mess / Club / Sports Facilities
  • Group Insurance
  • Furnished Govt. Accommodation At Best Location
  • Pension With All Benefits
  • 60 Days Of Paid Annual Leave
  • 20 Days Of Paid Casual Leave
  • Leave Encashment – Upto 300 Days
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