Amazing Facts You Should Know About The Indian Army

Hello Defence Lovers, The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India serves as the Supreme Commander of the Indian Army, and it is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general.  Indian Army is the third biggest military contingent in the World next to USA and China. A great example of selfless service and brotherhood, and above all , love for the country is what the Indian Army is all about. In this article we have provided some amazing facts about the Indian Army which will increase your respect for the Indian Army ten-fold.

Also Read, Various Ways To Join Indian Armed Forces In 2017
  • The Indian Army was formed in 1776 under the British government.
  • The units and regiments of the Indian Army have diverse histories and have participated in a number of battles and campaigns across the world, earning a large number of battle and theatre honours before and after Independence.
  • The primary mission of the Indian Army is to ensure national security and nationhood unity, defending the nation from external aggression and internal threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders.
  • It conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances, like Operation Surya Hope, and can also be requisitioned by the government to cope with internal threats.
  • The Indian Army is the biggest volunteer army in the world. To think that we have the maximum number of willing soldiers in the world is a matter of great pride.

Also Read, Eligibility Criteria For Joining Indian Army After Graduation
  • The Indian Army has about 53 cantonments and 9 army bases, spread across India.
  • The Siachen Glacier, 5000 metres above sea level, is the highest battlefield in the world. And the Indian Army controls it.
  • The Indian Army has a cavalry regiment. There are only 3 such regiments in the world.
  • In the Indian army, there is no provision for reservations based on caste or religion, while this is a common practice in other government organisations and institutions in the country. Everyone is taken on the basis of merit and their fitness in all aspects during recruitment.
  • Indian soldiers are considered among the very best in high altitude and mountain warfare. The Indian army’s High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS) is one of the most elite military training centers in the world and is frequented by Special Ops teams from the U.S, U.K & Russia. U.S Special Forces trained at HAWS before their deployment during the invasion of Afghanistan.
  • The Indian Army is one of the biggest troop contributors to the United Nations peace making operations.
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  • In the Battle of Longewala, on which the famous Bollywood movie “Border” is based, there were only two casualties on the Indian side. The Battle of Longewala was fought in December 1971 between India and Pakistan, in which just 120 Indian Soldiers with 1 jeep mounted M40 recoilless rifle held the fort against 2000 Pakistani soldiers backed by 45 tanks and 1 mobile infantry brigade. Despite being heavily out-numbered, the Indian soldiers held their ground throughout the night and with the help of the Air Force, were able to completely rout the aggressors.
  • Some of the wars won by India Army include the Kargil war, Siachen conflict, Chola incident, Liberation of Goa, Liberation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Second Indo-Pak war, third Indo-Pak war and Indo-Sino conflict of 1967.
  • Since the World War II, the Indian Army holds the record for having the most prisoners of war (POWS) in custody. The Army held 93,000 Pakistani combatants as well as officers in custody till they surrendered their fight.
  • It was rare occurrence in which the attacker ended up surrendering in such a shambolic manner and this led to the establishment and independence of Bangladesh in 1971.
  • The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world, located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayas. It was constructed by the Indian Army in 1982.

Also Read, Incredible Stories Of Indian Army Heroes Every Indian Must Know
  • The President’s bodyguard is the oldest armoured regiment of the Indian Army. It was established in 1773, and is currently based in the Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.
  • Soldiers of the Indian Army are considered among the best in jungle warfare. The Counter-insurgency and Jungle Warfare School is often visited by forces from the US, the UK, and Russia among others.
  • The Indian Army is one of the few armies in the world that have never initiated the war.
  • The Indian Army soldiers are among the best in jungle warfare.
  • Assam rifles, the oldest paramilitary force in India, was formed in 1835.
  • The Military Engineering Services (MES) is one of the biggest construction agencies in India.
  • Although the highest rank in the Indian army is the general, there exists an honorary rank above it known as the field marshal. Only 2 officers of the Indian army were conferred with this rank, one is Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw  and the other is Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa.

  • Indian Army has an Air force Base in Tajikistan (Farkhor Air Base) and another one is in negotiations with Afghanistan.
  • Celebrities such as MS Dhoni and Sachin Tendulkar were bestowed with honorary ranks in the military. While Sachin was awarded with the rank of an honorary captain in the IAF, MS Dhoni is an honorary lt. Colonel in the army.
  • It is recorded that Adolph Hitler expresses his desire to acquire the Gurkha regiment of Indian Army because he believed that he could have acquired the whole of Europe, as it was the only force in the whole world that could fight and withstand a German attack.
Also Read, Gorkha Rifles : Nightmare Of Enemies
  • At the age of 19, Royal Indian Army Sepoy Kamal Ram received the Victoria Cross for valor after world war II, making him the youngest Indian to ever receive that honor.
  • Army Day is celebrated on 15 January every year in India, in recognition of Lieutenant General K M Cariappa taking over as the first Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army from General Sir Francis Butcher the last British Commander-in-Chief of India, on 15 January 1949.
The Indian Army Motto :

  • Indian Army living up to its motto- “Service Before Self” 
  • For the Air Defence branch of the Indian Army it is “Win over the enemy in the sky.”
The Ethos of Indian Army :

  • The safety, honour and welfare of your country comes first always and every time.
  • The honour, welfare and comfort of the men you command comes next.
  • Your own ease, comfort and safety comes last always and every time.
Life In Indian Army :
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  • As an Indian Army officer at 21, you’d be looking at a lifestyle that one cannot imagine in any other profession, so early in life. What compromises “Quality of Life”?
  • On one hand is a job with a thick pay packet but with the drudgery of 9AM to 9PM schedule, no avenues and time for extracurricular activities, no scope for adventure and excitement, no social status, lack of family life, threat of being terminated with a month’s salary, working in suffocating environment with no self respect and honour.
  • On the other hand is a job which offers you challenge, adventure, excitement, honour, prestige, self respect, whole some family life, safety and security for the family and to top it all the love, respect and esteem of our great India.
  • In the somewhat chaotic social and economic conditions that prevail in our country, Army life is an island of sanity and social order that is the envy of our countrymen.
  • Quality of life is an important attribute of Army life, and has no parallel in any other service. Some of the intangibles, which go to make the quality of life in the Army, are:-

(1.) Service of the motherland.

(2.) A profession to be proud of

(3.) Opportunity to travel and know the country and its people/culture/flora and fauna

(4.) Opportunity to serve and represent the nation abroad

(5.) A pure and noble profession

(6.) Honour and social status

(7.) No stagnation, a new challenge every day.

(8.) Opportunity for growth

(9.) Sports and adventure activity

(10.) Messes, clubs and institutions facilities

(11.) Education facilities – Both school and professional colleges for children

(12.) AWWA hostel for girls in metros

(13.) Army ensures your physical and mental health.

(14.) Quality of life ensured not only for officers, but also families.

Ranks & Insignia :
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Hierarchy of Commissioned Officers in the Indian Army:-

  • Field Marshal (Honorary/wartime rank)
  • General
  • Lieutenant General
  • Major General
  • Brigadier
  • Colonel
  • Lieutenant Colonel
  • Major
  • Captain
  • Lieutenant
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
Ranks of the Indian Army- Officer ranks
Field Marshal of the Indian Army.svg General of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant General of the Indian Army.svg Major General of the Indian Army.svg Brigadier of the Indian Army.svg Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Major of the Indian Army.svg Captain of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant of the Indian Army.svg
Rank Field
General Lieutenant
Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant
Major Captain Lieutenant

Hierarchy of other ranks in the Indian Army:-

Junior commissioned officers :

  • Subedar Major
  • Subedar
  • Naib Subedar

Non-commissioned officers :

  • Havildar
  • Naik
  • Lance Naik
Ranks of the Indian Army – JCOs and Other Ranks
Junior Commissioned Officer   Other ranks
Subedar Major - Risaldar Major of the Indian Army.svg Subedar - Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg Naib Subedar - Naib Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg Arm Indian Army Havildar.gif Indian Army Naik.gif Indian Army Lance Naik.gif
Rank Subedar
Subedar Naib
Havildar Naik Lance Naik Sepoy

Why To Join Indian Army ?
  • If you are thinking to join Indian army, then you probably have your own reasons to do so.
  • Some join because the facilities provided in Indian army are good, while some join it because of the salary reasons, and then there are some who join the army because they are passionate about it and want to serve their country through it.
  • Whatever be the reason, the main thing is that you want to join and that’s it. Below are some of the advantages that army offers to its soldiers. Maybe this will help you to know army better.
Also Read, Eligibility Criteria For Joining Indian Army After 10+2 As An Officer

So here are the advantages of joining Indian army:-

(1.) Job Security
  • Name one private sector job that gives you the job security for the lifetime (until you retire), no wonder your mind will go blank as there is no such job in private that offers the job security(Unless you are an employee of GOOGLE).
  • One day you are enjoying great success in the private sector and the other day you are struggling to save your job, such is the tendency of private sectors jobs.
  • But if you are an army men, then job security is something that you will never have to worry about. Though you have to retire at some point, but till then you will be assured job security.
  • I think this factor is enough to make you believe in joining the Indian army, but still let’s have a look on the other factors too.
(2.) After Retirement Benefits
  • This is one of the main factors why the army is considered as the best career choice.
  • First of all, there is no such thing as post-retirement in the private sector, you will totally be dependent on your savings and other assets if you decide to finally call it a day.
  • There is a saying that an old person is just like a baby because he/she sleeps like a baby, they need proper care and attention like babies do, and most of all they are as weak as babies and that is why people retire so that they don’t have to work anymore.
  • If you do not have a source of income in old age then you have no other options but to work.
  • Things are much better for ex-army personnel, they get to enjoy all the facilities like army canteen, army hospitals, and many other things.
  • These facilities are so beneficial especially at this time where things get costlier every other day.
  • The main advantage that an army man enjoys after retirement is the pension, you would be amazed to know that an ex-army man gets around 50% of the total salary he retired on i.e if your salary at the time of retirement was Rs. 30,000 then after retirement you will get pension somewhat around 12000 to 15000. Isn’t this great!
(3.) Salary Benefits
  • Though many things have changed in the Indian army within last 2 decades, but the salary of army personnel has evolved significantly after 7th pay commission.
  • The GD recruit can get a salary ranging between 15000 to 45000 approximately. Now don’t be confused as these figures may look normal to you but let me tell you that an army person gets around 60 extra benefits and that surely is way more than a person can earn in any private sector.
(4.) Scope Of Higher Studies
  • You can pursue your academic studies even after joining Indian army. You can always apply for the higher studies if you are a soldier and wish to be promoted to officers rank. And for officers who are in the technical department and want to go for post-graduation then you can do so, as reputed IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) colleges has reserved seats for such officers.
  • So you see if you really feel like studying more while you are working, then Indian army is the best option for you.
(5.) Fit And Fine Forever
  • They say “no army man is fat” and this is so true. Army is so much about physical strength, and an army person is always in proper shape as they spend so much time doing physical activities.
  • So there is no chance of getting out of shape, you will be fit and fine forever if you are in the army.
(6.) Unmatched Reputation
  • Imagine yourself introducing to other after you become an army man, people just don’t get enough when it comes to praising army men.
  • You will be treated with respect wherever you go, you may feel like you are just serving your country or doing your duty just like others, but people will always think of you has a national hero.
  • Just one instance from your action packed professions and there you go! you will have fans in no time and this is what we call unmatched reputation.
Training :

  • Training of new officers is carried out National Defence Academy, Pune, Indian Military Academy at Dehradun and Officers Training Academy at Chennai and Gaya, etc.
  • There are also specialised training institutions like Army War College, at Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS), at Gulmarg, Jammu and Kashmir, Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJW), in Vairengte, Mizoram, College of Military Engineering (CME), in Pune.
  • There is an Army Training Command (ARTRAC) at Shimla, whose main aim is to maximise the effectiveness of the training of personnel.
Variety and Adventures :
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  • Variety and adventure are the spice and romance of life. No profession has the kind of recreational and adventure facilities to offer as the Army does; from membership of the best clubs in country to horse riding, swimming, golfing, mountaineering, trekking and sailing.
  • Posting to exotic stations gives one an opportunity to see India and its different cultures, in all its vivid glory.
  • You may also get a chance to go abroad on course or on posting. So, if one is looking for a profession, which goes beyond being a mere job, accept the challenge and join the Indian Army.
Jai Hind